debian

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Hard Drive Data Recovery

This article discusses hard disk data recovery on Linux using dd and fdisk. I recently left for a trip to South America, and took my trusty Intenso 320GB external drive with. Well aware that I’ve dropped it a couple too many times and that it was beginning to click more and more often during regular usage, I took a full backup before leaving. There’s nothing critical on the drive that I don’t have additional copies of elsewhere, however losing it would be a pain. Having reached Madrid airport, I plugged the drive in and was about to pull some documents off it when disaster struck. The drive just clicked for about 30 seconds before Windows prompted me to format it. I tried removing it and reinserting it a couple of times but no luck – the drive had failed. I went to the duty free store in the airport and picked up a 1Tb WD Elements drive for 99 Euros, and planned to attempt data recovery when I arrived in South America. I’m keen to get the data recovery started – it’s going to take a while on my USB 2.0 laptop and the more bad sectors, the longer it will take. […]

By | November 13th, 2014|Data Recovery, Linux|4 Comments

Debian Wheezy Xen + Guest Howto

Xen is usually my go to virtualization technology for Linux. Here’s a HOWTO on setting up Xen on Debian Wheezy and the first guest virtual machine. First step is getting the required packages: apt-get install xen-linux-system xen-tools xen-utils-4.1 xen-utils-common xenstore-utils xenwatch Now, we’ll need to specify the Xen kernel as the default boot kernel on the host, and then reboot: […]

By | October 8th, 2014|Linux, Networking, VPS|0 Comments

Debian Linux Wheezy OpenVPN & Squid3 HOWTO with Transparent Proxying

Before my last extended period travelling and using public networks, I decided to set up a new low spec virtual machine on one of my hosted servers. I trust my datacenter and their uplinks more than I trust the free WiFi and public networks I travel through, and so while all my internet traffic is being routed over an encrypted tunnel to my dedicated server, I’m a lot happier. I threw Squid3 into the mix, as it caches common assets and the sites I visit. This speeds up my web access and page load time. OpenVPN can be configured more simply with a ‘static key’ configuration, however I’ve chosen to go down the PKI route for future growth. On my new VPN server I run: apt-get install openvpn Once OpenVPN is installed, I’ll need to set up my PKI system, certificate authority (CA), server certificate (vpn) and my first client certificate (npn) […]

By | October 4th, 2014|Hosting, Linux, Networking, VPS|2 Comments

Installing and Configuring Xen with guests

Installing and Configuring Xen on a Debian Lenny machine is pretty easy. Firstly, install the system: apt-get install xen-tools xen-utils-3.2-1 xen-linux-system-2.6.26-2-xen-686 xen-linux-system-2.6.26-2-xen-686 comes with the Xen kernel that you’ll need. It should install a new kernel as the default, and therefore you’ll now need to reboot. Once rebooted, issue uname -a to ensure that your new Xen kernel is running: apnic01:~# uname -a Linux apnic01 2.6.26-2-xen-686 #1 SMP Wed Aug 19 08:47:57 UTC 2009 i686 GNU/Linux You now have Xen installed! Now, you’ll need to make a few changes. Firstly, none of my new guest VMs had working console, apparently this is a known issue in Lenny with Lenny guests. The work around is to change the inittab on the guest. I wanted to create guests without modifications, so in this case, I edited /etc/xen-tools/xen-tools.conf and uncommented: #serial_device = hvc0 #default It’s listed as the default, but uncommenting this seemed to solve my issues. Now, you’re ready to create your first guest: […]

By | October 18th, 2009|Linux, Technology|0 Comments

Linux PPTP (Poptop) VPN Setup with MPPE and MPPC

Here’s a quick guide that I write as I’m setting up PPTP/MPPE/MPPC on a Linux server. My preferred VPN technology is OpenVPN mainly because it’s so quick and easy to set up and use, however in some cases PPTP is required chiefly when the Client wants to use the inbuilt Windows VPN capabilities rather than having to deploy 3rd party software. My server is a Debian (of course) etch machine, with 2.6.24 (from source) kernel. My client is Windows XP Pro SP3. […]

By | February 15th, 2009|Linux, Technology|4 Comments

Debian Lovers – Why I love Voyage Linux

For those Debian lovers I have finally found a great embedded distro. I’ve always stayed away from the multitude of distros available, each with their own package manager or lack of, each with their own preinstalled software or again, lack of, and each with their own caveats. I began my jorney into Linux with SuSE about 11 years ago at the time of writing, and have also given RedHat a fair chance in the past. In my first employment I was forced to battle against Slackware for two years, and about 7 years ago, discovered Debian. […]

By | December 14th, 2008|Linux, Technology|0 Comments

The Robot: Successful installation of Debian onto the Alix 3c2 board

Some hardware has arrived! Mess So my working space is a little bit of a mess at the moment. There’s no better way of getting started than just getting straight to the point. The Alix 3c2 main board arrived in good health and works well. On the underside is a 512MB CF card and an Atheros MiniPCI Wifi. I’ve soldered single core wire to the I2C bus pinout. GND, CLK, Data & +3v. I’ve also soldered bell wire across the power input. It accepts a wide input and so I’ve decided on 12v. This is my prototype “power distribution board”. Currently it consists of 2 12V/2A regulators, some resistors and a 1000uF/30V smoothing capacitor. It provides 12v to the Alix board, and 12v to the motor controller. If both motors stall, they can use up to 6A, so whilst this is fine for testing the controller board, I’m going to have to replace one of the regulators with a transformer system to provide the necessary power to the motors. […]

By | November 2nd, 2008|Linux, Projects, Robot|1 Comment