Hardware

//Hardware

Rebuilding the Robot

It had been a while since I’d worked on the robot, and I wanted to work on some movement algorithms. I’ve done some AI work lately on a separate project, and thought that this would help with the automated movement task. Unfortunately, the Robot had a little accident, namely falling out of the loft whilst I was bring it down. It’s been long overdue the removal of some of the excess hardware, and also needed some bugfixes that I now had no choice but to perform. […]

By | May 1st, 2011|C/C++, Development, Hardware, PHP, Robot, Technology|0 Comments

Embedded Linux Programmer

As an embedded linux programmer, I’ve had the opportunity to work on a number of different platforms, MIPS being one of my favorites. There are a few general limitations that you’ll find. You have limited CPU power available, you have very little RAM available, and for more advanced operations and optimizations, your CPU will generally have a limited function set. The usual good programming practices apply, but are of much greater importance. Specifically, don’t allocate memory that you don’t need, and dont put the CPU under undue stress with unnecessary or badly optimized loops. Taking C syntax and some pseudo code; […]

By | January 15th, 2010|C/C++, Development, Hardware, Technology|0 Comments

Linux and the Huawei HSDPA 3G E220 modem for mobile broadband

Installing the Huawei E220 modem under Linux is so so easy. Probably easier than running through the Windows XP Setup tool actually! Prerequisites: 1. Kernel version equal to or greater than 2.6.20 (There are workarounds availble for older kernels) 2. wvdial (You can use any serial dialer I guess) […]

By | February 28th, 2009|Hardware, Internetworking & Routing, Linux, Technology|0 Comments

The Robot: Hardware working and ready to go, a few minor glitches

Robot Progress has as always been good lately. The robot boots up quickly and appears on the wireless LAN, with openssh running. The internal Atheros miniPCI wasn’t doing the trick and wireless performance was shaky at best. I’m using an Alfa Networks USB adapter (r8187) and an 8dBi gain antenna now, so this has some distance now! I was also getting frustrated with the laggyness of the board while VLC was running for streaming audio and video and so I decided on an IP Camera (Edimax), which is connected directly to the LAN port on the Alix board (I don’t have any reason to use it for anything else). The motor control script works well and the device is responsive. At this point I can drive the device around Robot relatively easily and accurately, stream video and audio back to my laptop, which again is connected wirelessly. Using ‘espeak’ you can easily generate a synthesized voice to provide easy text to voice: echo “I am a robot”|espeak Everything is working great and I’m pleased so far. The only reason why there isn’t a video up yet is because I haven’t had the time! There will be one up shortly. […]

By | November 26th, 2008|Hardware, Linux, Projects, Robot, Technology|2 Comments

Linux: AVIT Research USB to TTL Cable

I ordered a USB to TTL Cable to control two Sabertooth 2×25 motor controllers as part of the Robot project. I plugged it into a Windows PC, and used ‘RoboRealm’ to control the motors via the COM port that appeared. Worked perfectly. Motors, controller, USB to TTL and virtual COM port – excellent. I then plug the cable into my Linux board and guess what, no driver claims it and I have every standard USB Serial module compiled. AVIT Research’s website also gives no help on Linux support. The device shows up under lsusb as: Bus 002 Device 002: ID 10c4:818b Cygnal Integrated Products, Inc. The solution was luckily simple. After prising open the cable and doing some research, the ‘cp2101’ driver is the one that we want. I’m using 2.6.27.6 but this should work for any cp2101 version. […]

By | November 20th, 2008|Hardware, Linux, Technology|0 Comments

The Robot: Base, Wheels, Motors, and Sabertooth Motor Controllers

After attaching the 4 motors and brackets to the acrylic square, I found that it started to dip slightly due to the weight, and as I’d planned to put a 1.5kg lead acid battery in the center and I realised that this needed to be addressed. Rather than another visit to Homebase for some steel reinforcement, I just stuck (melted) two pieces firmly together with polycarbonate acid glue and then trimmed the edges with an electric saw. Here is the base, the insulation tape all over the place is to hold down the connectors that I won’t be needing. The motors all contain encoders which I didn’t just want to rip out, so I’ve preserved the connectors for future usage, and just cut the – and + cables in a way that they can easily be reconnected to the connector if I ever want to. They were expensive motors so I didn’t want to ruin them! If anyone is wondering why I didn’t attach standoff cylinders to the controller’s super large heat sink rather than attaching it directly to the acrylic base [which would normally be a bad idea], it’s because I didn’t have any standoff’s left, and the controllers are capable of 25A per channel. I will never drive them at higher than 4A, and the motors running on 4A for 30m or 2A for 2 hours solidly as a test didn’t generate any noticeable heat on the heat sink at all. At first I had also predicted the use of a fan to suck air in from the base, but I’m not sure it will be necessary, as nothing seems to get remotely hot so far.. I’ve also slightly indented the 4 points where the acrylic cylinders will be glued, just for extra stability. The motors are all wired to the two motor controllers, which has a junction box waiting for 12v now. The picoPSU should arrive some time this week, so hopefully I can get on with it. The wheels are omnidirectional as they contain rollers. It’s a clever design and it seems to work well. Infact, I’m pleased with the way the motors and wheels ended up. Instead of having to work with two wheels and spending time on calculating angles for servo motors and turn radius, I can just attach 4 motors instead in the configuration that I have and using omnidirectional wheels. The motors will pull a lot of weight and I only have to concern myself with backward and forward for each motor, which in any combination will allow it to move in any direction. Hey, I’m not saying that I ‘invented’ this ingenious combination, just taking the credit for a smart move in implementing it! I have connected a power source directly across each of the motors to test. They are straight, and when I turn them all in the same direction, the board rotates around a ‘very almost perfect’ fixed axis which is great. I had in mind when I was positioning these, that I didn’t want to spend a ton of time in the software compensating for wheels that aren’t straight. […]

By | November 16th, 2008|Hardware, Linux, Projects, Robot, Technology|0 Comments

The Robot: A body, Sensors and Good Progress

Progress is going really well and I’m happy so far. Unfortunately I didn’t want to show the body yet as it is so far from finished but as I haven’t posted an update in a while I decided to just go with it. Front Head The body is ever so slightly lop sided by a few mm here and there which is a shame however from a short distance you wouldn’t notice, it stands up straight and weight distribution is equal throughout the base plate so I’m happy with it. Ok, ‘professionally’ the body’s a mess however for my zero experience in that kind of work, I’m reasonably happy. This is the front of it, top is a mounted webcam, to the left of that is a phidgets temperature sensor and top right is a phidgets light sensor. I am waiting to add 8 colored status LEDs around a small flat panel 5v stereo speaker as a ‘mouth’ (I got it from a Nokia phone bundle). […]

By | November 14th, 2008|Hardware, Linux, Projects, Robot, Technology|1 Comment

Linux on a Mikrotik 532a , Part 5 Final – OpenWRT and Custom Scripts

Follow on from: http://www.adampalmer.me/iodigitalsec/linux-on-a-mikrotik-532a-part-4-customization-debian-scripts-shaping-firewall-nat-picolcd/ I’ve used OpenWrt previously to this project to build some firmwards for the Linksys Router WRT54 range. OpenWrt is an incredibly powerful and small Linux distro. Although debian is probably better suited to the reasonably powerful hardware, I wanted to give OpenWrt a go anyway. Unless you’re running a MIPS 4Kc processor on your host which I’m guessing you’re not, you’ll either need to cross compile your binaries, or just compile them natively on the device itself. Compiling on the device works fine as long as you have the relevant packages, however if I was going to build a 2.6 kernel, I’d rather do it on an x86 quad core intel host, rather than waiting a week for the device to do it. I also wanted to minimize the writes on the CF card. OpenWrt comes with a nice buildroot environment which you can read about and download from www.openwrt.org using Subversion. Here http://downloads.openwrt.org/kamikaze/docs/openwrt.html#x1-310002 is a great HOWTO on getting the build root environment set up on your x86 host. Also, see: http://wiki.mikrotik.com/wiki/RB500_Linux_SDK – this is a very complete HOWTO, which is why I’ve not covered most of the installation process and just detailed customizations. You’ll need to select the RB5xx target for the kernel. Also, run: make kernel_config In your build root top directory, and add USB support (as my one is modded for USB which is not RB5xx default. While you’re there, browse to the networking options and make sure you have everything you want, specifically the schedulers for traffic shaping. […]

Robot: Initial Hardware Order [rev 2]

Follow on from: http://www.adampalmer.me/iodigitalsec/the-robot-hardware-list-wheel-plan-more-ideas/ I’ve given up on trying to source separate motors, motor controllers, encoders and brackets. I’m concerned that my knowledge of mechanics and motors is limited, and that I’m going to spend too much time and money trying to build a movement package myself. I’ve decided to go for a good motor/controller/encoder package here: http://www.active-robots.com/products/motorsandwheels/rd01-drive.shtml I’ll need two of these, and will have to replace the wheels with the omni directional wheel things I found and linked to in my last post. I’ll drill the brackets into a thin metal plate, and start building perspex on top. I don’t seem to have paid enough attention to battery/device weight/motor/power and am concerned that the motor and battery combination will not move the device. I don’t yet have an idea of how much it will weigh, but I’ve realized that the perspex is going to have to be as thin and light as possible, and I’m going to have to bear weight in mind with any unnecessary or redundant extra parts. […]

By | October 13th, 2008|Hardware, Linux, Projects, Robot, Technology|0 Comments

Linux on a Mikrotik 532a, Part 4 – Customization, Debian Scripts, Shaping, Firewall, NAT, picoLCD

Follow On From: 05 Oct 08 APNIC Box – Linux on a Mikrotik 532a, Part 3 – Installing Debian, Prebuilt Disk Image Following on from the previous article, I’ve written some scripts which you’ll find in the /root/scripts/ directory of the prebuilt image. I’ve attached and commented them here, as they could also be useful elsewhere. bridge.sh #For setting up a simple bridge […]